Counter-terrorism in the Horn of Africa: New security frontiers, old strategies
|Counter-terrorism in the Horn of Africa: New security frontiers, old strategies|
Terrorism has been elevated to the foremost threat to global security. The bombings of the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in August 1998 and the attack on the Israeli-owned Paradise Hotel in Mombasa in November 2002 confirmed the Horn of Africa as the continent’s most insecure region and a soft target of terrorism. Vulnerability to terrorism has thrust the region into the international spotlight as one of the main theatres of the global anti-terrorist campaign. But like a double-edged sword, the US’s ‘war on terror’ following 11 September 2001 is at once stemming the spread of terrorism and accentuating insecurity in the region’s volatile countries – Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia (including the self-declared Republic of Somaliland), Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.